**INTRODUCTION**

This supplemental data should be used in conjunction with S&K Bullletin 4P which describes the construction, operation, and application of Schutte & Koerting Water Jet Exhausters and Compressors.

Bulletin 4P contains general information on all types and sizes, together with dimensional data. This Supplement contains complete information on sizing this equipment.

For sizing information on this S&K equipment, refer to the following index:

**FIG. 484 SINGLE NOZZLE WATER JET EXHAUSTER (HANDLING FREE AIR)**

**SIZING AND WATER CONSUMPTION DATA**

Example: To determine the size of S&K Fig. 484 Water Jet Exhauster required, and the water consumption rate, to meet the following conditions:

Water Pressure = 60 psig

Suction Pressure = 80°F

Suction Pressure = 20 in. Hg. abs.

Air Handling Capacity = 15 scfm

Solution: Refer to Curve 1. Select horizontal line at base of curve representing water temperature of 80°F (1). Read horizontally across until water temperature line intersects 20 in. Hg. abs. suction pressure line (2). Project line vertically up to the proper water pressure curve representing 60 psig (3). Read horizontally from intersection and note that the capacity of a 1″ Fig. 484 Exhauster is 1.9 scfm (4). Divide required capacity (15 scfm) by capacity of a 1″ size (1.9 scfm) to find capacity ratio, as

Refer to Capacity Ratio Table and note that the 2 1/2″ size has a capacity ratio of 6.25 and the 3″ size has a capacity ratio of 9.00. The larger size exhauster (5) should be selected to meet service conditions.

To find the water consumption rate for this size exhauster, refer to Table 2 and note that a 3″ size operating with a water pressure of 60 psig will consume 86 gpm (6).

**FIG. 484 SINGLE NOZZLE WATER JET EXHAUSTER**

**SIZE DETERMINATION (EVACUATING TIME, PUMP PRIMING, CLOSED TANK EVACUATION)**

**How to Size Exhauster for Priming**

Example: Determine proper size Exhauster and amount of water required for priming a pump and suction line in an allowable time of two minutes if the total volume is 50 cu. ft. The lift is 10′ and the water pressure available is 40 psig.

Solution: (See solid lines, Chart 3):

- Divide time allowable in seconds by the volume in cu. ft.

- Enter Table 5 at 10′ of water and read below it the equivalent in. Hg. In this case 8.8″ (1).
- Enter Chart 3 at 8.8″ Hg. vacuum (2) and read over to 40 psig water curve. Read vertically downward to evacuation rate of 3.5 sec./cu. ft. (3).

- Enter Table 4 and find size factor equal to or greater than that determined in Step 4. Read directly above it the size Exhauster required. In this case a 2 1/2″ (4).
- See Table 2 on page 2 for water consumption for a 2 1/2″ Exhauster at 40 psig water pressure. Note that this is 51 gpm.

**How to Size Exhauster for Closed Tank Evacuation**

Example: Determine the size Exhauster and amount of water required to evacuate a 10 cu. ft. tank to 20″ Hg. vacuum in 15 minutes, with 40 psig water pressure available.

Solution: (See dotted lines, Chart 3):

- Enter Chart 3 at 20 in. Hg. vacuum (1), go horizontally to the 40 psig water curve. Go vertically downward and read evacuation rate of 20 sec./cu. ft. (2).
- Multiply the evacuation rate found in Step 1 by the volume of the tank.

20 x 10 = 200

- Divide number determined in Step 2 by the allowed time in seconds.

- Enter Table 4 and find size factor equal to or greater than that determined in Step 3. Read directly above it the size Exhauster required. In this case a 3/4″ (3).
- See Table 2 on page 2 for water consumption for a 3/4″ Exhauster at 40 psig water pressure. Note that this is 5.3 gpm.

**FIG. 488 (THREADED) AND FIG. 489 (FlANGED) MULTI-NOZZLE WATER JET EXHAUSTERS (HANDLING FREE AIR)**

**SIZE DETERMINATION AND WATER CONSUMPTION DATA**

Example: To size an Exhauster for handling 15 scfm of air at 10″ Hg. abs., using 30 psig water at 80°F.

Solution: Refer to Chart 6 below. At the 80°F water temperature line (point 1), read horizontally to a suction pressure of 10″ Hg abs. (2), then vertically up to the 30 psig water pressure curve (3). From that point, read horizontally to the first size of Exhauster that will handle 15 scfm (4). Read vertically down to determine the required size as a 6 inch Exhauster (5). From Table 7, note that a 6 inch Exhauster operating at 30 psig water pressure has a water consumption of 488 gpm (6).

**FIG. 488 (THREADED) AND FIG. 489 (FLANGED) MULTI-NOZZLE WATER JET EXHAUSTERS**

**SIZE DETERMINATION (EVACUATING TIME, PUMP PRIMING, CLOSED TANK EVACUATION)**

How to Size Exhauster for Priming Example: Determine proper size Exhauster and quantity of water required for priming a pump and suction line in an allowable time of two minutes if the total volume is 40 cu. ft. The lift is 15′ and the water pressure available is 30 psig.

Solution: (See solid lines in Chart 8):

- Divide time allowable in seconds by the volume in cu. ft.

- Enter Table 10 at 15′ of water and read below it the equivalent in. Hg. In this case 13.2″ (1).
- Enter Chart 8 at 13.2″ Hg. vacuum (2) and read over to 30 psig water curve. Read vertically downward to evacuation rate of 4.0 sec./cu. ft. (3).
- Divide answer in Step 3 by answer in Step 1.

- Enter Table 9 and find size factor equal to or greater than that determined in Step 4. Read directly above it the size Exhauster required. In this case a #3 (4).
- See Water Consumption Curves for a #2 Exhauster (inset Chart 8). Locate intersection of 13.2″ Hg. line with 30 psig water pressure line (5) and read down. Water consumption for a #2 Exhauster is 64 gpm (6). Note that the size factor for a #3 Exhauster (in Table 9) is 2.0. Multiply 64 x 2.0 = 128 gpm for a 3 Exhauster.

**How to Size Exhauster for Closed Tank Evacuation**

Example: Determine the size Exhauster and quantity of water required to evacuate a 50 cu. ft. tank to 20″ Hg. vacuum in 15 minutes, with 15 psig water pressure available.

Solution (See dotted lines in Chart 8):

- Enter Chart 8 at 20″ Hg. vacuum (1), go horizontally to the 15 psig water curve. Go vertically downward and read evacuation rate of 17 sec./cu. ft. (2).
- Multiply the evacuation rate found in Step 1 by the volume of the tank.

17 x 50 = 850 seconds

- Divide number determined in Step 2 by the allowed time in seconds.

- Enter Table 9 and find size factor equal to or greater than that determined in Step 3. Read directly above it the size Exhauster required. In this case a #2 (3).
- See Water Consumption Curves for a #2 Exhauster (inset Chart 8). Locate intersection of 20″ Hg. line with 15 psig water pressure line (4) and read down. Water consumption for a #2 Exhauster is 52.6 gpm (5).

**FIG. 464 SINGLE NOZZLE WATER JET EXHAUSTER**

**SIZE DETERMINATION AND WATER CONSUMPTION DATA**

Example: Determine size and water requirement for following conditions:

Water pressure – 60 psig

Vacuum requirement – 10″ Hg. (20″ Hg. abs.)

Air handling – 8 pounds per hour

Solution: From Chart 11 at vacuum of 10″ (point 1) and water pressure 60 psig (point 2), read suction capacity of 2.25 PPH (point 3) for a 1″ Fig. 464. Divide required capacity (8 PPH) by 2.25 to get capacity factor:

The nearest capacity factor is 4.0 (point 4) or a 2″ Fig. 464 Water Jet Exhauster. Select 2″ Fig. 464 Exhauster. Water requirement is: 9 GPM (point 5) x 4 = 36 GPM at 60 psig.

**Fig. 265 & Fig. 485 Water Jet ExhausterSelection Procedures**

__Evacuating__

- Determine the evacuation time in minutes per 100 ft.
^{3}

- Enter Table 4 at the available operating water pressure P1 (psig) and required suction pressure Ps (in HG abs). Read across the table on the line closest to the Ps to the value closest to the evacuation time determined in step 1. Note unit size & Fig. # listed at the top of the table.
- Continue across the table to the last two columns to determine the water consumption for Fig # chosen. Multiply this value times the capacity factor list in Table 5 for the unit size chosen.

__Exhausting__

- Refer to Table 6 Air Handling Capacity for 265/485. Find the Suction Pressure Required (Ps) and the Operating Pressure (P1) on the left side of the chart.
- Follow the row across the table to the column corresponding to the discharge pressure (P2). Note the Capacities in (SCFM) for each unit. Continue across the row to the last two columns to determine the water consumption.
- Calculate the CF for each unit by dividing Ws Required/Ws from table. Select the unit size from Table 7 for the unit having the CF equal to or greater than the value determined.
- Determine water consumption by multiplying the CF selected by the water consumption determined in step 2.
- Determine Fig. # and size unit to use based on performance and operating water consumption.

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